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Hamlet – A Symbol of Human Conflicts

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William Shakespeare, a world-class English poet and dramatist has presented his Hamlet as a symbol of human conflicts in special literary approach and attitude of life, which visualizes the cryptogram of human distinction and divergence as the mirror image of social problems. Hamlet is the name of a philosopher, who is terrifically favourite in the eye of the book lovers who are the significant aficionados of Shakespeare. It has duly stimulated the heart of the readers in view of its beauty of truth to develop the maxim of human tribulations and its prevalent solutions. William Shakespeare was the utmost author for all times. He was the only personality who had discovered firstly the measurement of human psychology and stressed the amplified truth of beauty inside the literary mind-set. In Hamlet, he had critically examined the philosophy of human conflicts and tried to bring about a change in between the resentment of men and women.

Shakespeare’s Hamlet has been accessible as a token of model personality who had tried to his utmost heart to enlighten his inquisitiveness feelings about his father’s death. He was amazed to see the uncle’s behaviors for his matrimony with his mother. He was emotionally tormented with thoughts about his unusual departure from this short-lived world. He was informed about his father’s death but it was falsely implicated. Despite this darkness, he came to learn about his father’s killers by way of the ghostly spirit of his father.

But he was found restless in the state of meticulous suspicion about his father’s death. So he arranged to act a play ‘ The murder of Gongago’ where the facts and the critics of the drama will cause the killers predominated to understand their reactions of mind for commission of crimes which was heinous in the eye of a healthy society. There after, he was confirmed about the culprits of his father who left him desolated like unseen and unknown about what had happened to him. He promised to take revenge against them – Claudius and his mother. His famous remarks are widely vibrated towards the audience greatly. He uttered to his utmost heart as an outcry of his feelings for survival on earth. ” To be or not to be, that is the question”. He was dedicated within himself that he would either die or live in taking revenge. He had delayed to revenge in the sense that he was suffering from indecision. He was at a loss what to do because he was finding out an opportunity to take revenge against the culprits. He was inclined to act as a mad man in the stage as his pretext made others to keep him in the dark. Claudius thought that Hamlet had some clues to identify them in connection with the conspiracy against the King Hamlet. He adopted the policies of soliloquy to understand the depth of taking revenge.

Due to the fact that he had mental strength to get sufficient energy to requite the challenge to punish his uncle and his mother. He wanted to enforce mental afflictions by his unusual philosophy of life for finding out a conclusion to identify the culprit to his inquiring feelings. According to Hamlet, he would not kill Claudious in the state when he remains in supplication in the church in the sense that he would achieve a good harvest in the world hereinafter. He was finding out a way to kill him where he would get real peace and composure of his life and he will be conversant with the fact that he was right in fulfilling his mission and his father would get peace in due sense of perpetual happiness in the world hereinafter. On the whole, he was suffering from indecision to take revenge against them. In this connection, T.S. Elliot, in his famous poem, ‘My love song of J. Alfred Prufrock’, has brought contrast of similarities and comparison between Hamlet and Prufrock who like Hamlet had suffered from indecision. Prufrock was a man of indecision and like modern man and modern dress; he seems to be mentally and physically incapacitated to perform his task. But, in facing real life situation, he is completely different. He has no power to face his own lady rather he has delayed to take action against her like the prince Hamlet. Due to the fact, Hamlet, despite his mental alertness and capacity to revenge against the culprits, he has delayed in the sense that he knows the philosophy of life and social friction, which was bedstead on courage and hardihood. He does not like to take action like a race of fickle minded man who has no commitment against evil doings in social life. Prufrock has counted time like frogs, cat and other mini creature to take action for his beloved who persistently does not like him to be intimated, as he deems fit tremendously. Hence the poet Elliot says in the voice of Prufrock:

” My morning coat, my collar mounting firmly to the chin

My necktie cheap and modest asserted by a simple pin”

William Shakespeare has depicted a truth of beauty in his famous book Hamlet. He has open-minded a realm of ideals of such man who is never found fickle minded and suffers from indecision to uproot the evils from the society. Hamlet was a philosopher, poet and social reformer but in spite of such quality concealed in him, he was not rigid in his conception to embed the action against evils. He was not bedded on full courage and social reforms as he was in the habit dedicating to find faults of the culprits. In fine, he was successful in doing the actual deeds, which he confirmed after lots of decision and logical arguments. The queen and the others identified him as their fast foe and tried to end his life. In Hamlet, William Shakespeare has accelerated the views of conspiracy and conflicts of human affliction in a significant manner. The author has collected materials from social surroundings where men and women relationships and philosophy of reality and the realms of survival are coherent on earth by bringing a factual contrast of feeling of mankind. He upheld some literary manifestation in the pages of his mind, which acted like the mirrors of social unrest and evils committed by them.

Shakespeare was only the personality who understood the modern philosophy of life and the culture that traditionally reflected social conflicts and contrasts spontaneously. He introduced two trends of conflicts that were of tragedy and the play within tragedy. Hamlet was a play of misfortunes and social conflicts, which were accepted by the then social conditions and the crisis as reflected in his play for accelerating the basic strategy of life. If we judge the conflicts of Hamlet’s mind, we will find such way of human psychology which is tremendously extensive and critical in due sense of social friction. Ophalia had deep intimacy with Hamlet but she had nothing to do for Hamlet. Due to the fact, according to her, Hamlet was not as a man of parts but a man of cowardice for which she began to create her own world of abandonment. The three characters of Shakespeare’s play are notable but they are nimble in the sense that they were bedded on fully hallucination and their own persuasions. These three characters are: Desdemona, Ophalia and Cordelia who had nothing to do something favorable and winning to their beloved.

It is an analytical sensation for human beings whether Hamlet had decided himself to die. It is his spontaneous conflicts of his mind critically because he had reactions and it was not credible on his part and takes evil notice to the superiors. He made arrangements of the play and observed the movements and attitude their feelings for the killings of his father. Regarding lunacy of Hamlet, he was not mad but he was inclined to pretend mad himself. It was happened in the sense, human beings are fickle minded in nature. He was in the way to commit wrong and for this reason, he may forget the justice for self-devotion towards eternity.

In this connection, we find consistence of Hamlet’s outcries with the following lines of the poem composed by Ella Wheeler Wilcox:

” Laugh and the world laughs with you,

Weep and you weep alone,

For the sad old earth must borrow its mirth

But has trouble enough of its own”

In the last part of the story, we find all ends of both plaintiff and delinquent. Hamlet has been ended with all ends of his rivals and culprits. In his last message to Horatio, his friend, he has asked him to tell the actual event of retribution to the people of the world that Hamlet after getting unbounded mental repugnant and afflictions, he had had his revenge in the end against the killers of his father. In fine, we memorialize such Hamlet in the sense, no one is above human conflicts and the shrine of justice, being the king and the queen, all must suffer in the long run for all misdeeds. In this context, H.W. Longfellow says, ” Man is unjust, God is just and finally justice triumphs”



Source by Kh. Atiar Rahman

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